Cultural Practices of Pakistani Immigrant Women During Pregnancy and Childbirth
Rubab I. Qureshi, MD PhD
Dula F. Pacquiao, EdD, RN, CTN-A, TNS
Elaine K. Diegmann, CNM, ND, FACNM, MEG

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Suggested APA 6th Edition Formatted Reference
Qureshi, R. I., Pacquiao, D. F. & Diegmann, E. K. (2016). Cultural practices of Pakistani immigrant women during pregnancy and childbirth. Online Journal of Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare, 83-93. doi: 10.9730/


Life events as pregnancy and childbirth re ect important cultural traditions of families and society. They provide a rich context for understanding cultural dynamics and adaptive responses of immigrants in the new culture.

Compare cultural values and practices in pregnancy and childbirth of Pakistani immigrant women in the US with their cultural traditions in Pakistan.

Data for this article were drawn from the literature on Pakistani cultural values and practices and ndings from the authors’ previously published ethnographic study of Pakistani immigrant women in the US.

Salient Islamic traditions observed particularly in the care of the newborn and preference for gender-congruent care. Cultural adaptation was evident in transnational gendered social networks, negotiated gender roles, and decisions regarding timing of pregnancy, location of residence in the US and place for childrearing.

Relevance to Clinical Practice
Assessment and accommodation of major religious and gendered care traditions, transnational social network and emerging adaptive roles of spouses should be planned with the women, their husbands and religious leaders.

Keywords: Pakistani culture, Pakistani immigrant women, Pakistani immigrant birthing practices, transnationalism, cultural adaptation, transcultural nursing and midwifery.

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