Curtis, M. P. , Bultas, M. W., Green, L. (2016). Enhancing cultural competency. Online Journal of Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare, 6(1), 1-13. doi: 10.9730/ojccnh.org/v6n1a1
Increases in ethnic diversity and globalization of healthcare have made it imperative to develop a culturally competent nursing workforce. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), National League for Nursing (NLN), and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) support this effort. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of contemporary literature and cultural learning activities in an undergraduate nursing curriculum.
Design and Methods
A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest research design was used to evaluate the integration of contemporary literature and classroom activities into three nursing courses in an effort to increase the cultural competency of nursing students. A convenience sample of 56 accelerated undergraduate nursing students was used. The Transcultural Self Efficacy Tool (TSET) was used to assess transcultural self-e cacy perceptions while also differentiating between three types of learning: cognitive, practical, and a ective.
There was an overall increase in the students’ cognitive, practical, and affective subscales of the TSET after the study interventions.
Discussion and Implications
The results of the study indicate that overall cultural competency improved after the cultural learning activities in this cohort of students. The integration of contemporary literature and cultural learning activities across several courses provides an accessible and effective method of integrating and teaching cultural competency in a nursing curriculum.
cultural competence, curriculum, education, self-efficacy
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